Some researchers have counterproposed that rather than a sequentially reversed depositional event, this basin formed in a single, highly heterogeneous event. Locate Noctis Labyrinthus (this feature is on the western edge of Vallis Marineris, the "Grand Canyon of Mars"). Section of layers near top of Noctis Labyrinthus, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program.  Based on CRISM spectral imagery, authors studying this depression have interpretatively identified the presence of: Of the hydrated iron sulfate minerals observed in the basin, some of them - such as ferricopiapite - are not stable in modern Martian conditions. Noctis Labyrinthus, on the eastern edge of the Tharsis Plateau, consists of a network of intersecting valleys that merge and coalesce with pit chains and larger troughs (Fig. 4.  Critics of a purely tectonic hypothesis have also noted that although pit crater chains (central to the diking hypothesis) are generally aligned and coincident with graben, they are occasionally found to bifurcate and to cross coeval graben in a perpendicular direction in the vicinity of Noctis Labyrinthus. Of the studied pits, 31 pits fell within the HiRISE DEM coverage and were found to have a mean depth of 5.9 ± 1.2 m (Figure 5 ). 7. Assume that water flowed through these valleys at some time. What does this type of drainage pattern … 9. The fine pattern of branching stream beds were probably formed from water moving across the surface. A fourth type of drainage pattern, which is not specific to a drainage basin, is known as radial (Figure 13.8, right). Locate Noctis Labyrinthus (this feature is on the western edge of Vallis Marineris, the “Grand Canyon of Mars”). 40. Using CRISM spectral data on HiRISE visual images for context, the researchers proposed that the variability of this pit is a result of hydrothermal alteration, with the dissolution of extant calcium-rich minerals (e.g. Thus, these observations indicate that left-slip faulting was active around that period. This block of martian terrain, etched with an intricate pattern of landslides and wind-blown dunes, is a small segment of a vast labyrinth of valleys, fractures and plateaus. Courtesy NASA/Malin Space Science Systems. c. Include a simple sketch of the drainage; take a digital photograph of your sketch to include in … The inferred groundwater flow spatial pattern is in agreement with aquifer drainage from the Tharsis volcanic rise region. Include a simple sketch of These V-tipped morphologies are generally found to propagate away from the center of the Tharsis Rise. Some authors have attributed the steady collapse of the valley walls to creep tied to thermal cycling, which could cause the repeated freezing and thawing of ground ice. Landslides are seen in extraordinary detail in the flanks of this unit and along the valley walls (most notable in the perspective view, top), with eroded debris lying at the base of the steep walls.  Noctis Labyrinthus [left]. 1). This hypothesis is not widely favored because chaos terrain morphology, proposed to form from this mechanism, is not found in the Noctis Labyrinthus fracture network. It was imaged by ESA’s Mars Express on 15 July 2015. This 17-km- The straight alignments of many canyon walls, and the faulting in several directions associated with Noctis Labyrinthus, combine to suggest that the Valles Marineris system is composed of great rift valleys formed on the surface of a dome. Noctis Labyrinthus is estimated to have experienced collapses from the drainage of magma chambers up to 5 km below the chasmata floors. Include a simple sketch of the drainage below.  It is thought that this faulting was triggered by volcanic activity in the Tharsis region. Dust covers most of this region, leading to its rather uniform appearance. What does this type of drainage pattern suggest about the underlying bedrock? Locate Noctis Labyrinthus Assume that water has flowed through this area: what type of drainage pattern is present here? The origin of the canyon by faulting is most apparent in Noctis Labyrinthus at the western end of Valles Marineris. In the Search tab, type in Noctis Labyrinthus and zoom to ~300 miles. The region is notable for its maze-like system of deep, steep-walled valleys. Other articles where Trellis drainage pattern is discussed: river: Drainage patterns: Trellis (or espalier) drainage patterns result from adjustment to tight regional folding in which the folds plunge. , The minerals in this basin were most likely formed as a result of an initially acidic hydrothermal alteration of basaltic terrain, with the dissolution of plagioclase and calcium-rich pyroxenes increasing the pH steadily and causing the other minerals to precipitate. The center coordinates of Noctis Labyrinthus are 7.0 S and 102.2 W (257.8 E). Mars Odyssey Mission THEMIS: Feature Image: Noctis Labyrinthus Landslides, "Trough deposits on Mars point to complex hydrologic past", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Noctis_Labyrinthus&oldid=991943797, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 17:21. Here we discuss the identification of a hydrated light-toned rock unit present in one Chasma of the Noctis Labyrinthus region. Notice also that the latest drainage activity on the Valles Marineris plateau dates from the Late Hesperian (Mangold et al., 2004, 2008). , Noctis Labyrinthus is located in the heart of Tharsis at the western end of the Valles Marineris, manifesting as a network of graben that extends in a spider-like network before coalescing into a coherent, relatively shallow graben swarm that curves in a semicircular fashion towards the south into the Claritas Rise. Grabens happen when a center section drops lower than sections on either side. Local heating facilitated drainage of ~105 km3 of brines and ... Noctis Labyrinthus Echus Chasma Kasei Valles Hebes Chasma Juventae ... valleys, a pattern repeated elsewhere around the chasma walls. Locate Noctis Labyrinthus (this feature is on the western edge of Vallis Marineris, the "Grand Canyon of Mars"). 40. Include a simple sketch of the drainage; take a digital photograph of your sketch to include in your lab report. Image is 20 mile wide. You have already liked this page, you can only like it once. It is part of a complex feature whose origin lies in the swelling of the crust owing to tectonic and volcanic activity in the Tharsis region, home to Olympus Mons and other large volcanoes. As the underlying magma body drains, the chamber's pressure decreases and it begins to deflate. The variability was explained without evoking a global warm and wet Martian climatic condition for the period. Dendritic channels on mesa of Echus Chasma. This is a radial drainage pattern (if it was carved by water). Include a simple sketch of the drainage below.